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Preventing another stroke

Nearly 80 percent of strokes are preventable. If you know the risk factors and can make necessary lifestyle changes, you can decrease the chance of a future stroke.

The results of your stroke testing will indicate how you and your doctor can work together to prevent another stroke. 

Medications 

Blood pressure medications: diuretics, calcium channel blockers, beta-blockers and ACE-inhibitors. You may have to try several different drugs before finding one that works best for you. Many people require more than one medication to reach their blood pressure goal. 

Cholesterol medications: Statins help lower cholesterol levels. Patients who have had a heart attack, high blood pressure, and/or diabetes may also benefit from statins, even if they have average or only slightly elevated cholesterol levels. 

Blood clot prevention

Antiplatelet medications, such as aspirin, Aggrenox® and Plavix®, help prevent blood clots from sticking together or adhering to blood vessel walls. 

Warfarin (Coumadin) prevents blood clots from forming. It’s prescribed when patients have abnormal heart rhythm or other condition that may cause blood clots to form in the heart. 

Surgical intervention

Carotid endarterectomy: Occasionally, when plaque build-up in the carotid artery creates a high risk for recurrent stroke, this surgical procedure is performed to remove plaque and restore blood flow.  

It is important for you and your family members to consider making lifestyle changes to ensure a healthy future.