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Urology

Treating conditions of the urinary tract and male reproductive system

Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract in both genders and the genital tract of the reproductive system in males. The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and disorders of one often affect the other – under the category called genitourinary disorders.

The organs under the domain of urology include:

  • Kidneys
  • Adrenal glands
  • Ureters
  • Urinary bladder
  • Urethra
  • Male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis)

Urology combines the management of medical conditions such as urinary tract infections and incontinence, with the management of surgical conditions such as bladder or prostate cancer, kidney stones, congenital abnormalities, traumatic injury and stress incontinence.

What is a urologist?

Urologists diagnose and treat problems involving the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. Unlike most other medical subspecialists, urologists provide care throughout the life cycle — from newborns to elderly. Because of the broad range of clinical problems they encounter, urologists often collaborate with the other medical fields, including: