Skin is your body’s largest organ by size and it keeps your body temperature even. It makes vitamin D, which is important for the health of your bones and other parts of your body.
It also holds body fluids in, preventing dehydration, and keeps harmful microbes out. There are several things you can do to keep your skin healthy, like eating a healthy diet and get enough sleep.
Clean and hydrate your skin
- Washing your hands keeps your skin healthy and limits the spread of germs and infections to other parts of the body as well as other people.
- To keep your skin from getting dry, use warm water when you take a bath or shower.
- Use moisturizing cream or lotion to help with dry or itchy skin.
Protect your skin in the sun
When your skin is exposed to sunshine, it produces vitamin D, which helps keep your bones and other body systems healthy. However, too much sun can:
- Damage your skin
- Increase your risk for skin cancer
- May make your skin look old years too soon
- Make it less able to fight off infections
Use sunscreen when you’re outside
- Apply a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or 45
- Have a friend or parent help you with the hard-to-reach spots
- Follow the directions on the sunscreen bottle to know how often you should re-apply it
Physical activity is good for your skin
- It Increases the flow of blood to the surface of your skin
- It brings oxygen and nutrients to your whole body
- It causes sweating, which helps to flush out impurities from your skin
See your doctor
If you find anything unusual on your skin, like a mole that changes size or color or a patch that looks red or itches, go see a doctor. For skin diseases, it’s important to see a doctor as early as possible to prevent permanent damage to your skin.